Beau Greaves cave

Indigenous Cave Art

Beau Greaves cave

I was recently diving off the coast of Princess Charlotte Bay, Far North Queensland, and found an island with these paintings in it.

Australian Indigenous art is the oldest ongoing tradition of art in the world. Initial forms of artistic Aboriginal expression were rock carvings, body painting and ground designs, which date back more than 30,000 years.

The earliest Indigenous art was paintings or engravings on boulders or on the walls of rock shelters and caves. Red ochre was being used for painting at least 30,000 years ago in central Australia. Indigenous people relate these very old images to the actions ofDreaming beings. The images are sacred because they show a continuing ancestral presence.

Beau Greaves cave

There are three broad styles of rock art which reflect the regional styles. The first is engraved geometric figures such as circles, concentric circles, arcs, animal tracks and dots. These can be found in Central Australia as well as Tasmania, the Kimberleys and areas of Victoria. The second is the simple figurative style of painted or engraved silhouettes of human and animal forms, which are found in Queensland. The third is complex figurative paintings depict detailed figures, such as x-ray art that shows internal organs of humans and animals, which are especially common to Arnhem Land and surrounding areas.  Read more on the Australian Government Website

Beau Greaves cave Beau Greaves cave


Red Bellied Black Snakes

Red Bellied Black Snakes can grow to a length of 2.5 metres. They are mostly found near streams, rivers, swamps, creeks and wetland areas and feed off frogs, lizards, small mammals, small birds and occasionally fish.

Dark black in colour, with a red underbelly, these snakes are incredibly beautiful. Although a fairly placid snake, they are still venomous and dangerous to humans and should be avoided whenever possible. According to WIRES, only one death has ever been recorded from a Red Bellied Black Snake.

First Aid for Snake Bites:

  • Do NOT wash the area of the bite or try to suck out the venom!

It is extremely important to retain traces of venom for use with venom identification kits.

  • Do NOT incise or cut the bite, or apply a high torniquet!

Cutting or incising the bite won’t help. High torniquets are ineffective and can be fatal if released.

  • Stop lymphatic spread – bandage firmly, splint and immobilise!

The “pressure-immobilisation” technique is currently recommended by the Australian Resuscitation Council, the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons and the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists.

The lymphatic system is responsible for systemic spread of most venoms. This can be reduced by the application of a firm bandage (as firm as you would put on a sprained ankle) over a folded pad placed over the bitten area. While firm, it should not be so tight that it stops blood flow to the limb or to congests the veins. Start bandaging directly over the bitten area, ensuing that the pressure over the bite is firm and even. If you have enough bandage you can extend towards more central parts of the body, to delay spread of any venom that has already started to move centrally. A pressure dressing should be applied even if the bite is on the victims trunk or torso.

Immobility is best attained by application of a splint or sling, using a bandage or whatever to hand to absolutely minimise all limb movement, reassurance and immobilisation (eg, putting the patient on a stretcher). Where possible, bring transportation to the patient (rather then vice versa). Don’t allow the victim to walk or move a limb. Walking should be prevented.

The pressure-immobilisation approach is simple, safe and will not cause iatrogenic tissue damage (ie, from incision, injection, freezing or arterial torniquets – all of which are ineffective).

See the AVRU site for more details of bandaging techniques.

Bites to the head, neck, and back are a special problem – firm pressure should be applied locally if possible.

Removal of the bandage will be associated with rapid systemic spread. Hence ALWAYS wait until the patient is in a fully-equipped medical treatment area before bandage removal is attempted.

Do NOT cut or excise the area or apply an arterial torniquet! Both these measures are ineffective and may make the situation worse.

The above first-aid recommendations have been provided by

Beau Greaves crocodile

Crocodiles have a sensitive side

Saltwater Crocodiles are the largest reptiles in the world, and also one of the most dangerous there is no doubt about it. But deep down they have a beautiful side to them! Did you know that when the little crocs are about to hatch they make chirping sounds in their eggs, and the mother helps them by digging them out of the nest. She will gently take the hatchlings to the water’s edge in her mouth, dutifully looking after them until they are able to look after themselves.

Beau Greaves crocodile Beau Greaves crocodile Beau Greaves crocodile Beau Greaves crocodile

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